What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you think of Istanbul in Turkey? Unfortunately, for many of us (myself included before this trip), what springs to mind isn’t always the rich culture, beautiful architecture, welcoming Turkish hospitality and colourful sights.
A quick preface for what to expect from this guide to Istanbul: on Yoga, Wine & Travel, I focus on promoting the best of a destination, providing practical travel advice so that readers can plan their trips with ease, and encouraging people to experience the incredible things that places have to offer. With the exception of a small handful of places (curse you, Naples), I’ve been fortunate that the vast majority of my travel experiences have been overwhelmingly positive. So, it’s no surprise that I do tend to talk about how wonderful a place is and how you really need to buy a plane ticket ASAP. I’ll be the first to admit this.
However, in this article, I’m not going to gloss over and ignore the fact that there has been a string of high-profile and devastating attacks as well as political unrest in Istanbul in the past. Instead, my goal is to present you with my personal unabbreviated impression of the city and our experience over the few days that we spent there; I ask that you do your due diligence on traveling to Istanbul, weigh up whether you personally feel that the positives outweigh the risk, and make a decision that you’re comfortable with. If you’re on the fence about traveling to Istanbul, all I hope that this guide does is re-balance the perspective and encourage you to consider that there’s more to Istanbul beyond the news headlines. Wondering what the best places to visit in Istanbul are? Read on.
So, is it safe to visit Istanbul?
Multiple governments have travel advisories telling its citizens to avoid non-essential travel to Istanbul or to reconsider travel to the country. Should you cancel your travel plans? It depends. Like I said before, I’m not here to tell you that it’s all unicorns and rainbows.
From my personal experience, Istanbul is a curious blend of European and Asian culture, the city is buzzing and the streets are busy, and almost everyone we met (barring the taxi driver who overcharged us by almost 5 times the normal rate) was friendly and helpful. If you didn’t know its recent history you would think that it was just any other major city around the world.
We did not experience any petty crime, but that’s not to say that you shouldn’t be aware and cautious, just as you would at home or abroad in any other country. According to this US government crime and safety report, “Overall, street crime in Turkey is low. However, you should use the same precautions you would take in the United States. Turkish citizens are the chief perpetrators and victims of most of the crime in Turkey. Although violent crimes (e.g., sexual assault, rape, murder) do occur, the expatriate community is only infrequently targeted. “
One piece of advice we did receive from an Istanbul local was to avoid Taksim Square. Though it is a popular nightlife and shopping district and one of the Istanbul main attractions, it wasn’t on our to-do list to begin with so did not go out of our way to check it out during our 3 days in Istanbul.
Quick tips for your first trip to Istanbul
- There are 2 airports in Istanbul – Havalimanı (airport code IST) on the European side and Sabiha Gokcen (SAW) on the Asian side. The old airport, Ataturk, shut in late October 2018. It currently takes slightly less time to travel to the heart of the city from IST, and 50 minutes to an hour from SAW. The airports are extremely busy with multiple security checkpoints, so I would recommend that you arrive early when you are flying out of the country.
- You need an e-Visa to enter Turkey – Rates vary depending on nationality and you can apply for your visa ahead of time on the official Turkish government e-visa website here. When we applied, the approval was almost immediate and you will need to download and print out a copy of the visa.
- Turkish currency – The Turkish Lira (TL) is used in the country and the exchange rate is very favorable right now – approximately 15 TL: 1 USD or 16 TL: 1 Euro as of mid-2022. Euros and USD are occasionally also accepted (and sometimes preferred) by shops and tour companies.
- Weather – When we visited in September, it was already significantly cooler in Istanbul than other coastal areas like Izmir, Alacati, Fethiye and Oludeniz. In fact, I had to buy a winter coat in Istanbul because I hadn’t packed enough warm clothes!
- Best time to visit Istanbul – In general, tourism numbers are far lower than they have historically been, so in my opinion there is no “bad” time to visit Istanbul if you want to avoid tourist crowds. However, the weather is more pleasant from April to about October/November, after which it can get bitterly cold.
- Language – Turkish is the most spoken language in Istanbul, and most people, especially those in hospitality or food & beverage, speak English very well so you shouldn’t have a problem with communication.
- Dress code in Istanbul – Most people in Turkey are Muslim, yet Istanbul (and Turkey as a whole) is not extremely conservative. You can walk around with sleeveless tops and female tourists are not required to wear headscarves. The only exception is when you enter a mosque, in which case you will need to abide by the dress code (in general, men must wear long trousers and women must cover their hair, arms and knees).
Looking for more Turkey travel tips? Read more on what not to do in Turkey over here!
How to get around Istanbul
There’s plenty of public transportation options in Istanbul, though you will find that you can get around on foot relatively easily. There is a rechargeable transport card that you can purchase (Istanbulkart) but we didn’t bother as we didn’t find ourselves using the metro, bus or tram system and walked most places instead.
To get to the city from Ataturk airport or Sabiha Gokcen airport, you can take either a taxi or Uber. Ubers are much cheaper – we paid approximately 180 TL for a 1-hour Uber ride, and it would have cost double for a taxi. To get around town, we found that the waiting times for an Uber were longer and we were cancelled on by drivers a few times.
Taxis are another way to get around Istanbul, and there are plenty of them zooming around town. However, most taxis won’t use the meter and will charge you a much higher fare. Make sure you agree on the price before you hop in.
If you are staying in the Beyoglu/Galata area, there is a convenient funicular system that runs between Istiklal Street and the Karakoy waterfront area. This is handy because it is a fairly steep 15-20 minute uphill walk if you’re trying to get back to Beyoglu/Galata from Karakoy.
The tram system is fairly extensive around the city, and you can buy tickets from machines at each stop. There are also frequent ferries that connect the city.
The best areas to stay in Istanbul
We stayed in the Beyoglu district, just steps away from the Galata Tower and Istiklal Street. Pera Neuf is a stylish and classy yet comfortable boutique apartment in the thick of it all. The owner is extremely responsive and accommodating, and the check-in/key collection process was very easy.
We loved how clean the apartment was – the beds are extremely comfortable and the shower pressure is fantastic. Though this isn’t a hotel, the rooms are also cleaned every day (except Sundays) and all the amenities are provided including shower gel, shampoo and conditioner. There is a small kitchenette if you plan on making yourself a simple breakfast in the mornings, or simply pop downstairs for a delicious flat white from the neighborhood coffee shop.
There are plenty of restaurants and bars nearby but once the windows are shut you don’t get any street noise. Just so you know, there is no elevator in the building so please bear that in mind if you have mobility issues – we stayed on the 2nd floor. If you want to be in a convenient location close to the majority of the best things to do in Istanbul, click here to check current rates and availability at Pera Neuf or click here to see other centrally-located and highly-rated accommodation options in Istanbul!
Important information about hotel booking in Turkey: You can not book hotels in Turkey using Booking.com when you are already in Turkey, as it has been blocked by the Turkish government (so has Wikipedia, for that matter). Instead, make sure you book hotels for your stay in Turkey before your trip, or use HotelsCombined or Hotels.com for any last-minute hotel bookings that you need to make when you are already in the country.
13 of the best things to do in Istanbul in 72 hours
Wondering how many days in Istanbul is ideal? For a first-time visitor, there are plenty of things to see and places to visit in Istanbul, and to cover all of the sights you should aim to spend no less than 2 to 3 days in the city (though you could easily spend a week in Istanbul and not run out of things to do and see). Most of the popular tourist attractions are close to one another, meaning you can cover a lot of ground easily and make the most of your time in Istanbul.
Before we start, you may have heard of the Museum Pass Istanbul, a card that will allow you to enter a dozen different historical and cultural attractions in the city. It currently costs 550 TL as of May 2022 and is valid for 5 days. The biggest benefit is that you get to skip the ticket lines (but not the bag checks) and scan the bar code on the card to enter the sights. It can be purchased at several different locations including the Hagia Sophia and Topkapı Palace.
However, is the Museum Pass Istanbul worth it? Not really. Of the 12-or so sights that accept the Museum Pass Istanbul, we only ended up using the card at the Hagia Sophia, Topkapı Palace & Harem and the Archaeological Museums. It’s important to note that the Basilica Cistern and Dolmabahçe Palace do not accept the Museum Pass, and the Blue and Suleymaniye Mosques do not have an entrance fee.
The combined entrance fee for those 3 attractions would have been much less than the cost of the card – the card currently costs 550 TL (it was priced at 85 TL, 125 TL, 185 TL and 360 TL previously). If you are visiting other parts of Turkey, I would recommend that you get the Museum Pass Turkey instead as it costs 800 TL (priced at 375 TL and 600 TL previously) and grants entry into more than 300 museums and ruins across Turkey. It is valid for 15 days. This is what we ended up doing as we also visited Ephesus, Cappadocia, Fethiye and Oludeniz, and saved a few hundred Turkish Liras on entrance fees.
Researching what to do in Istanbul in 3 days? Read on!
1. Go on the Taste of Two Continents Food Tour
I love food tours, but when have I ever listed a food tour as the first thing you should do in a city? Never. But that all changes with this tour hosted by Yummy Istanbul (previously called Istanbul on Food), a delicious alternative to the “classic” Istanbul sightseeing tour. If you thought food tours were only about eating, you were wrong! This tour lasts 6-7 hours and takes you on a cultural and culinary journey across Istanbul.
The reason why it’s one of the first things you should do when you arrive in Istanbul is because it will help you get acquainted with the city, and shows you Istanbul off-the-beaten-path. You get to learn about the city’s history, culture, traditions and insider secrets, taste Turkish dishes you’ve never even heard of before, and your guide will have tons of fantastic dining recommendations for you.
It starts at 9:30 AM when you meet your guide and fellow group members (groups are capped at 7 people). Ibrahim, our guide, has been doing this for 15 years – so you know you’re in great hands! Next, you’re taken through the local market to gather an assortment of Turkish breakfast items including clotted cream and honey (bal & kaymak), scrambled eggs with tomatoes and green pepper (menemen), cured meat and hazelnut paste that is a million times better than Nutella. The dishes are mouthwatering, but pace yourself because this tour includes more than 10 different food stops throughout the day!
After breakfast, you’ll hop on a ferry to cross over to Kadikoy and Moda on the Asian side – something very very few tourists do. The Asian side is what “everyday life” looks like for most locals, and is a lot more laid back than the touristy parts of Istanbul. Here, you eat. A lot.
One of the restaurants we visited, Çiya Sofrası, was even featured in an episode of Chef’s Table! We tried pickled vegetables, mussels, Turkish pizza (pide), tantuni (chopped meat, onion, tomatoes and spices, served wrapped in flatbread), lamb intestines (tastier than it sounds) and finally, Turkish ice cream! We even visited the restaurant where the kebab was invented.
We received a media rate for the tour, but I would not hesitate to recommend The Taste of Two Continents tour for anyone visiting Istanbul for the first time – this is the best food tour in Istanbul, and is well worth every penny. The 7 hour guided tour costs US$110 per adult, US$65 for children aged 6-12 and is free for infants – this includes food, drinks (alcohol is extra), your ferry ticket to and from the Asian side and an experienced (and very entertaining) local guide. Tours take place every day, rain or shine, and can be booked online here. The tours do sell out early so book ahead to guarantee your spot.
2. Walk across the Galata Bridge
This bridge isn’t exactly the most beautiful bridge around, but it is a hub of activity and connects the neighborhoods of Karakoy and Eminonu/Sultanahmet. The reason why I’ve added it to this list is because it’s a fantastic place to people-watch, and is lined with people fishing all day long on either side of the bridge.
3. Visit the Spice Bazaar
Once you’ve crossed the Galata Bridge, the Spice Bazaar is just a 2-3 minute walk away. Also known as the Egyptian Bazaar or Mısır Çarşısı, the Spice Bazaar was built in the 17th century and features nearly 100 shops selling spices, tea, sweets, jewellery and other souvenir items.
Visiting the Spice Bazaar is one of the top things to do in Istanbul and is an absolutely delightful assault on the senses – this is a great place to buy gifts for friends and family back home, and is far less chaotic or sprawling than the Grand Bazaar.
4. Tour the Topkapi Palace Museum
This palace is also on the Eminonu/Sultanahmet side of Istanbul, and is a huge 15th-century palace that was once occupied by sultans and their families for 4 centuries; it also served as the administrative and educational centre of the state until the sultans relocated to the Dolmabahçe Palace in the early 1850s.
The Topkapi Palace houses various gardens, courtyards, exhibits as well as the harem – the residence of the sultan and his family. Entrance to the harem costs extra if you do not have the Istanbul or Turkey Museum Pass. You should plan on spending an hour or two at the Topkapi Palace, and the palace is closed every Tuesday.
5. Check out the Istanbul Archaeology Museums
On your way out of the Topkapi Palace, make sure you stop by the Archaeology Museums – a must visit in Istanbul for history buffs. They contain artifacts from Turkish, Hellenistic and Roman civilizations which include the busts of Alexander the Great and the God Zeus, a large sarcophagus believed to be prepared for Alexander the Great, objects from Mesopotamia, Egypt and Anatolia as well as tile and pottery specimens dating back to the Seljuk and Ottoman empires. Entry costs 60 TL or you can use your Museum Pass (Istanbul or Turkey).
6. See the Hagia Sophia Museum
Also known as the Ayasofya, the Hagia Sophia is the one of the most prominent monuments in Turkey and dates back to the early 6th century. The current structure is actually the third in its place, as the previous two were destroyed. For nearly one thousand years, it stood as the largest Christian church in the world and features a stunning dome and wonderfully preserved Christian mosaics that can be viewed from the upper gallery.
After the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmed, the Hagia Sophia was converted and used as a mosque for nearly 500 years, before finally being converted into a museum in 1935. In July 2020 it was announced that the museum would be converted back into a mosque. Entry is free, and you can check prayer times here.
Swing around to the southeast corner of the Hagia Sophia (turn left when you exit) to visit the five tombs of the Sultans. Phew – we’re halfway through, keep reading if you’re wondering what to do in Istanbul in 3 days!
Thinking about heading to Istanbul? My recommendation for independent travelers would be to book a stay at Pera Neuf, a beautiful boutique apartment in the Beyoglu district near the Galata Tower. The apartment is conveniently located, incredibly spacious and will make you feel right at home in Istanbul. Click here to check current rates at Pera Neuf or click here to see other highly rated accommodation options in Istanbul!
7. Head down to the Basilica Cistern
If you’ve read Dan Brown’s Inferno or watched the movie, this is where the story reaches its peak, with the protagonist searching for a plague that threatens to devastate humankind. This underground water cistern was the major water reservoir of Constantinople and dates all the way back to the 4th century. Exploring the Basilica Cistern is one of the best things to do in Istanbul.
There are two stone Medusa heads in the far corner of the cistern, though we actually didn’t see it in person as there was an overpowering stench of sewage when we were underground. The cistern is not covered by the Museum Pass and they only accept cash – 30 Turkish Liras only. They do not accept any other currencies.
Note: the cistern has been undergoing extensive restoration work – you should check their website to see if it has reopened to visitors.
8. Visit the Blue Mosque
The Blue Mosque is also known as the Sultan Ahmet Mosque and is located opposite the Hagia Sophia Museum. It is perhaps the most well-known monument in Istanbul and dates back to the 17th century when Sultan Ahmet I decided to build the mosque to reassert Ottoman power.
Though visiting the Blue Mosque is one of the most popular things to do in Istanbul, it is in fact still a working mosque, and is therefore closed to tourists during prayer time. In general, the opening hours of the Blue Mosque Turkey are from 8:30/9 AM until one hour before dusk each day, excluding 90 minutes for prayer, and two hours during Friday noon prayers.
Read more on the prayer times here. You will need to abide by the Blue Mosque dress code before you enter, and entry is free.
9. See the Suleymaniye Mosque
Though the Blue Mosque is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Istanbul, the Suleymaniye Mosque is just as stunning and receives far fewer visitors.
It was completed in the mid 16th century and rebuilt after a fire ravaged the structure just over 100 years later. Like the Blue Mosque, it is open every day but closed for prayer.
10. Wander through the Grand Bazaar
Ask anyone where to go in Istanbul and this indoor market will almost always be on the list: also on the Eminonu/Sultanahmet side of Istanbul is the famous Grand Bazaar (or Kapalı Çarşı). Though we had been semi-warned about pushy salespeople at the Grand Bazaar, it wasn’t as hectic as we had imagined, and the atmosphere was unlike any other I’ve experienced. This maze of shops is colourful, electric and fascinating. You don’t have to buy anything here, though we did end up purchasing some beautiful towels, blankets and scarves.
And that concludes the tourist attractions that I would recommend that you visit on the southern end of the Galata Bridge/Eminonu/Sultanahmet. If you start early, you’ll find that it is possible to visit sights 3 through 10 on the list within a day.
11. Visit the Galata Tower at night
Galata Tower was nearby our hotel and is an iconic structure along the Istanbul skyline. The 5th century tower is one of the top sights to see in Istanbul, and was once used as a prison. It now stands 68 metres tall, and you can access the viewing platform for a small fee (but the lines can be very long). If you only have 72 hours in Istanbul, I would recommend skipping the Galata Tower viewing platform because you might find an equally stunning view with a drink in hand at a rooftop bar; instead, visit the Galata Tower at night to see it all lit up in purple.
12. Tour the Dolmabahçe Palace
This palace is one of the most opulent in the world and one of the top places to visit in Istanbul. Dolmabahçe Palace was the residence of the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, and was built in the 19th century; today, the palace houses gilded treasures including the world’s largest crystal chandelier gifted by Queen Victoria of England. Though you can’t take photos inside the palace or the harem, you can check out the surrounding gardens and beautiful gates facing the Bosphorus Strait.
Though many articles state that you can enter the palace with a guide, we didn’t and neither did the other visitors while we were there. However, the palace closes on Mondays and you can not use the Museum Pass here so you will need to pay 150 TL to enter both the administrative section and harem. Tickets are not available for purchase in advance online.
13. Drink up at a rooftop bar
I do love a good rooftop bar, and Istanbul has plenty to offer. Our favorite was Miklas within The Marmara Pera hotel. Cocktails are amazing and reasonably priced considering the location, and the view is unparalleled. Make sure you get here early to snag a good spot on the terrace and watch the city transform from day to night.
Ready to book your trip to Istanbul? Stay at Pera Neuf, a gorgeous boutique apartment just steps away from Istiklal Street and the Galata Tower. There are plenty of restaurants and cafes nearby, and it is a hop and skip away from the major tourist attractions in the city. Click here to check current rates at Pera Neuf or click here to see more highly rated accommodation options in Istanbul!
Where to eat and drink in Istanbul, Turkey
Aheste – just steps away from the Pera Neuf apartment, Aheste is a small upscale restaurant serving delicious modern Turkish food. Try the broad bean mash, beetroot and pea patties and organic chicken confit.
Pizzeria Pera – I was craving pizza, so we headed to the best pizza joint in Istanbul. The Diavola pizza is to die for, and prices are very reasonable.
Poika – Poika is a small coffee shop near the Blue Mosque with simple breakfast and light lunch dishes and sandwiches, as well as fabulous coffee.
Muse Coffee & Botanical – A seriously stunning cafe surrounded by lush greenery and gorgeous pottery. Oh, and the coffee is on point!
Drip Coffee – Fantastic third wave coffee shop in Istanbul – it is downstairs from the Pera Neuf apartment, so naturally was our go-to coffee spot in the mornings.
Where to go after Istanbul
Istanbul is a fantastic place to start your Turkey adventure or end your trip. It was actually the last stop of our Turkey trip – you can check out the rest of the 2 week Turkey itinerary here. If you’re starting in Istanbul and moving on, you can opt to hop on a 1-hour plane ride to the Cappadocia region (Kayseri or Nevsehir airports) or Izmir where you can mosey on to Ephesus, Pamukkale and Alacati. It is also an 6-hour drive from the ancient cities of Troy or Pergamon. Alternatively, head south to Fethiye in Turkey’s Turquoise Coast for some ocean therapy and plenty of sunshine.
Headed to Turkey? Here are more Turkey destination guides and tips:
- Read this article ahead of your trip to avoid these Turkey travel mistakes
- Need some help planning your 2 week Turkey itinerary? Head on over here for an easy Turkey itinerary for first time visitors
- And check out even more Turkey travel tips and guides here!
I hope this guide has helped you to plan your Istanbul itinerary! Have you visited Istanbul? Are there any other spots you would add to this list of things to see and do in Istanbul?
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