Sigiriya Rock in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Travel Guide: How to Climb Sigiriya Rock Fortress

Sigiriya Rock in Central Sri Lanka with text overlay Sigiriya Rock in Central Sri Lanka with text overlay

It may not look like much more than a large rock from the photo, but believe me when I say it is so, so much more. Sigiriya, AKA “Lion Rock”, is a rock fortress located in central Sri Lanka, approximately 3 hours from Colombo.

The massive monument dates back to the 5th century AD and consists of the ancient Sky Palace that sits atop of a massive 200-metre-tall rock, a mid-level terrace that features the Lion Gate (sadly, the head is no longer) and is surrounded by beautiful gardens and moats on the lower levels. It has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is one of Sri Lanka’s most popular landmarks.

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Quick tips for visiting Sigiriya

How long does it take to climb Sigiriya? I am not a fan of heights. My quads do not like hiking up hundreds of steps. But I survived, and you can too! The vertical climb up to the top of Sigiriya is challenging, but not impossible, and will take you anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour (it usually takes me about 45 minutes with a few sweaty breaks). Getting back down is a little easier and should take approximately 20 minutes.

Entrance fee for Sigiriya: To begin, you’ll have to head to the ticket booth and pay the entrance fee (US$30 for tourists, or 50 LKR for Sri Lankan citizens). Hang onto the ticket as it will be checked about mid-way through the Sigiriya hike.

When is the best time to visit Sigiriya? The Sigiriya opening hours are from 6:30/7 AM to 5:30 PM every day (last entrance is 5 PM). Sigiriya is located in what is known as Sri Lanka’s “dry zone”, which is mostly arid and hot throughout the year. The climate in this region can be extreme from about April to August, with the temperature soaring upwards of 30 degrees Celsius (86 Fahrenheit), which is why my biggest travel tip for visiting Sigiriya is to start the climb in the late afternoon at around 4:30 PM.

This way, you can bask in the comfort of knowing that the climb will only get easier and cooler as you progress, rather than hiking up in the morning and guaranteeing yourself a blazing hot walk up (and back down). Trust me on this one, Sigiriya gets stinkin’, brain-melting hot.

The crowds also tend to be smaller in the afternoon as many tour groups visit in the morning (before moving onto the next destination), and there’s also the additional bonus of watching the sunset once you get to the top! Just make sure you purchase your ticket before the entrance closes at 5 PM, wear sunscreen and bring a (large) bottle of water.

Sunset view from Sigiriya Rock in Sri Lanka

If you are climbing the rock in the afternoon, you may need to ensure that you have access to a flashlight (you can also use your phone’s flash function) for the walk back down. There are no lamps to light your way back down, and the ground is extremely uneven, so you need to make sure you can see where you are stepping to avoid injury.

What to wear to hike up Sigiriya: There is no strict dress code to visit Sigiriya as it is not a religious monument. That being said, you should adhere to and respect cultural norms – tank tops, spaghetti straps and shorts are acceptable and you do not need to cover your shoulders and knees (unless you are headed to the Dambulla Cave Temples before or after), but extremely revealing outfits with exposed midriffs and miniskirts are generally frowned upon. When we were there, some people were walking up barefoot or in flip flops, and while I truly believe in “to each his own”, I cannot imagine doing this in anything other than comfortable walking shoes with good grip.

Woman standing in front of Sigiriya Rock in Sri Lanka

How to get to Sigiriya: Sigiriya is located approximately 3-4 hours by car from Colombo. The town itself can be a pain to get to as there are few direct buses and trains (the nearest station is in Habarana), which is why I highly recommend saving your time and energy and hiring a private car to take you there whether you are traveling north or southbound during your Sri Lanka itinerary. If you are traveling directly to Sigiriya from Bandaranaike International Airport near Colombo then you can either hire an airport taxi which will cost approximately US$80 and upwards (due to the increased fuel prices), or ask your hotel to arrange a 1-way transfer.

Where to stay in Sigiriya

After our incredible stay at Madulkelle Tea & Eco Lodge in Kandy, we made our way over to the Heritance Kandalama, a Geoffrey Bawa-designed hotel that prides itself on being built “as one” with nature. We had one goal and one goal only: to climb to the top of Sigiriya rock, so planned on only staying in the area for one night. Apart from being relatively close to Sigiriya (45 minutes by tuk tuk) and incredibly high-powered air conditioning in the room, the hotel itself was (unfortunately) underwhelming, and seemed to be better suited to accommodating busloads of tourists or convention-goers.

Zinc Journey Hotel Sigiriya

Instead, check out EKHO Sigiriya (formerly named Zinc Journey Sigiriya) – it is half the price of Heritance Kandalama and while it has no pool, it does have beautifully decorated rooms, incredible service and is right next to Sigiriya Rock. You can even see the rock from the hotel! I wish we had stayed here on our first trip to Sigiriya. The hotel staff can also arrange safaris to Minneriya and Kaudulla National Parks to spot wild elephants. Click here to book your stay at EKHO Sigiriya! Looking for more choices? Click here for more accommodation options around Sigiriya!

Another option for nature lovers is Diyabubula, about an hour away from Sigiriya Rock. Diyabubula means “bubbling fountain” as it is built on top of a natural spring. It opened in 2016 and may be lesser-known to the average traveler to Sri Lanka, but not in the architecture and design community as it was designed by renowned Sri Lankan artist Laki Senanayake. The 5 bedroom eco-luxury jungle hideaway was built with sustainability at the forefront, and building materials were upcycled from 100-year-old railway sleepers combined with local timber.

Diyabubula Boutique Hotel in Sri Lanka_Bamboo Grove

Diyabubula is the perfect retreat if you want to be immersed in nature – it is shaded by dense canopy after Laki replanted the forest 40 years ago, and is filled with the sounds of birds chirping, butterflies fluttering and monkeys jumping from tree to tree. Check out the various room types (bamboo grove, water villa, tree house) at their website!

Planning a trip to Sri Lanka? Click here for 12 things you should know before visiting Sri Lanka!

Climbing Sigiriya Rock

The climb up Sigiriya Rock consists of approximately 1200 steps in total and can be divvied up into a few phases. There are steps all the way to the top, and can get very crowded, steep and narrow in certain sections, so it’s important to pace yourself, rest when needed, and remember to catch your breath. Read on for what to expect at each stage of the Sigiriya hike.

Phase I

View of Sigiriya from gardens in Sri lanka

The stairs through the gardens at the base of the rock fortress of Sigiriya are wide and very easy to climb, but don’t let this deceive you. There are a number of terraces, caves and platforms that you can walk around, and areas where you can rest and stretch your calves, hammies and quads, so use them wisely.

Phase II

Metal staircase mid-way up Sigiriya Rock in Sri Lanka

This is where the vertigo and leg cramp-inducing part of the climb begins. Narrow metal spiral staircases dangle off the side of the rock to lead you up to the Sigiriya fresco caves. It was here where we witnessed the Sigiriya rock climb claim its first victim: a 15/16-year-old Sri Lankan schoolgirl who was doubled over, sweating buckets and looked like she was in dire need of hydration. Arguably a highlight of the tour, I was too shaken up by the walk up as well as dreading the claustrophobia-exacerbating walk back down those slightly shaky staircases to truly appreciate the well-preserved frescoes that lined the internal cave.

You are not allowed to take photos of the frescoes of Sigiriya without proper permission, and there are guards there making sure that you don’t sneak a shot – we even saw a guard snatch a woman’s phone out of her hand to check her recent photos and delete ones that she had taken.

I breathed a huge sigh of relief once we got back down to the base and continued up the marble stairs towards the Lion Gate and had another opportunity to sit down for a few minutes. I consider myself relatively fit, but this climb isn’t exactly a cakewalk. The Lion Gate now features two massive sets of claws that guard the final pathway up to the Sky Palace, and leaves you wondering how majestic and perhaps intimidating it would have looked before the lion’s head disintegrated.

Lion Staircase at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka

Once you’ve regained feeling in your legs and mentally prepared yourself, it’s time for the last and what many believe to be the most challenging portion of the climb: the Lion Staircase. As you can see from the photo above, it is steep and literally hangs off the edge, providing an unobstructed view across the plains surrounding the rock fortress of Sigiriya. My key takeaway? Don’t look down, and if you have a partner, hold onto him or her for dear life. If you suffer from vertigo, you will need to be mentally prepared for this section.

Wasps warning sign at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka

Another very important thing to be aware of is that you should keep your voice down as there are wasp nests around. When I visited for a 2nd time in 2017, we experienced a cloud of wasps that swarmed around the Lion Staircase.

Netted room at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka

We were forced to (quietly) retreat back down to the terrace and were ushered into a netted makeshift room. We waited 5 minutes or so being told that the coast was clear and that we could proceed up the Lion Staircase.

Phase III: The Sky Palace

What do they say about hard work again? Oh yeah: “With hard work comes great reward.” This perfectly encapsulates my feelings about making it to the Sky Palace. How many times in your life are you going to be able to say that you walked around an ancient palace at the top of a 200-metre-tall rock? Exactly.

Sky Palace at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka

Almost every part of the summit can be explored, which is incredible given that most landmarks set up a hundred different perimeters to stop you from walking around. You can easily spend an hour moving from edge to edge, taking in 360-degree panoramic views over the horizon and watching the sun set across Sigiriya.

Sigiriya Sri Lanka sunset

The views are indescribable, so I’m not even going to attempt to put it into words.

Sri Lanka flag at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka

For an amazing view of Sigiriya rock from your hotel room, check yourself into EKHO Sigiriya, a small boutique hotel adjacent to the rock palace.

Have you visited Sigiriya? What was your experience? Leave a comment below and tell me all about it!

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14 Comments

  1. I’m heading here next month and I noticed you’re wearing shorts in your photos. Are they allowed/recommended? I know Sri Lanka is a bit more conservative.

    Thanks!

    1. Sri Lanka is not as conservative in clothing as India – you’ll be fine in shorts and a vest at Sigiriya. Exposed shoulders are fine, just be prepared to cover your shoulders with a shawl if you are entering any place of worship!

  2. Gorgeous pictures as usual, Flo! I’ve gotten to know so much about Sri Lanka because of your posts and now it’s high on the list of places I want to visit soon! Thanks for joining Fly Away Friday! P.S Love the slider!!!!

  3. Absolutely stunning pictures girl!! I’ve been loving all of your posts of Sri Lank and seriously giving me major fomo haha!! Thank you for sharing on FlyAwayFriday and can’t wait to see your next posts!

  4. Sigiriya is a relatively unknown gem. It looks so intriguing, especially the Lion gate. The claws are so mammoth, it would have been an awesome sight if the Lion’s head existed. the views are great too.

  5. I love giant rocks – not kidding! I guess the UNESCO listing comes with a UNESCO price tag… but it looks like it was worth it, amazing photos, especially of sunset, the monkeys are kinda scary…! I appreciate how you broke down the climb into different phases too. Nice work on the completing the climb & the awesome write up 🙂

    1. Haha I just read your piece on the Golden Rock! Thanks for taking the time to read my piece – it really is an amazing monument!

  6. Oh my goodness! What a view!!! I would have never thought there’d be a Sky Palace on top of that big rock. Now I am curious – why don’t wear grey?! 1200 steps is a lot, I can imagine how tired you’d get especially in the heat. Great tip about hiking up in the late afternoon.

      1. Haha, I was also curious about why no gray. This is so beautiful! Flo, you always write about the most stunning places!

      2. Thanks so much for checking this out, Mara! Haha I saw some serious sweat patches on people who chose to wear gray that day – yikes!

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